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To download a conference call about Moxxor featuring Celeste Yarnall, PhD, and Jean Hofve, DVM, Moxxor Advisory Board members, click below on the "Moxxor Talk" button. Please be patient as this is a large MP3 file: 

Moxxor Talk

You know how important Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation is for the health of yourself and your family, including your four-legged family members. The anti-inflammatory effects of Omega-3s EPA (eicosapentanoic acid) and DHA (docosahexanoic acid) have been thoroughly researched, and are proven to be beneficial for people as well as dogs and cats. But do you know how to choose the best Omega-3 supplement for your family? Let's look at the main sources:

Flaxseed/Nut/Vegetable Oils

The vast majority of plant-based oils are in the form of Omega-6 fatty acids, which are already over-supplied in our diets and our pets' diets. Flaxseeds and a few other seeds and nuts also contain the Omega-3 alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). ALA has beneficial effects of its own, particularly on skin and coat health, but dogs and cats cannot convert more than 1-2% of it into EPA and DHA (the essential fatty acids that are so important for our pets). The only bioavailable forms of the most important Omega-3s must be obtained from an animal source, such as marine lipids. Even many people cannot make the conversion to EPA and DHA.

Fish-Based Oils

Fish and cod liver oil are the most common and popular sources of EPA and DHA. However, these may be quite problematic.

Most salmon oil (and all salmon products from the Atlantic Ocean, Scotland, and Norway) comes primarily from farm-raised salmon,. These fish are grown in polluted, overcrowded pens, they are heavily vaccinated, and fed antifungals, parasiticides, and antibiotics, and they contain up to 10 times more mercury, dioxins, PCBs, and other toxins than wild fish. Farmed salmon also pose a serious threat to wild species in both Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Additionally, about 1/3 of labeled “Alaska,” “wild,” and “wild-caught” salmon are not truly wild, but bred and raised in hatcheries; their release to the ocean appears to be threatening both wild salmon and other fish such as herring.

Cod liver oil is commonly supplemented with Vitamins A and D, at levels that could easily become toxic in dogs and cats. Moreover, a loophole in the law allows non-cod species to be labeled as cod.

There are also oils made from other fish, such as menhaden (a threatened keystone species, and the source of most unspecified “fish oil”). Sardine, herring, and anchovy oils are—so far—more sustainable and cleaner than most other fish oils.

Krill Oil

Krill oil is a non-fish alternative Omega-3 product that is gaining in popularity. Krill (tiny red shrimp-like crustaceans), are the major food source for many marine animals, including fish, whales, seals, squid, and birds. Krill are utilized for oil as well as being processed into food for farmed fish. The global biomass of krill is enormous, but the problem is that they are being harvested near critical feeding grounds of the animals that eat them, potentially threatening dozens of species.

Greenlip Mussel Oil

New Zealand greenlip mussels (Perna canaliculus, GLM) are grown under a Sustainable Farming Program that ensures the long term viability of the greenlip mussel industry, with minimum impact on the environment. GLM are bi-valve mollusks known to be a rich source of 33 fatty acids, of which 18 are Omega 3s (including EPA and DHA). One of GLM's unique array of Omega 3s is ETA (eicosatetraenoic acid). ETA, which is not found in any other foods to any measurable degree, has extremely powerful ant-inflammatory properties.
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GLM oil has the following fatty acid profile:

  • (EPA) Eicosapentaenoic C20:5n-3: 4.7%
  • (DHA) Docosahexaenoic c22:6n-3: 3%
  • Palmitic C16:0: 14.2%
  • Myristic C14:0: 0.9%
  • Myristoleic C14:1: 0.1%
  • Penadecanoic C15:0: 0.1%
  • Hexadencenoic C16:1: 2.9%
  • Magaric C17:0: 0.2%
  • Heptadecenoic C17:1: 0.1%
  • Stearic C18:0: 2.5%
  • Oleic C18:1n-9: 52.8%
  • Linoleic C18:2n-6: 12.1%
  • Octadecadienic C18:2: 0.8%
  • Alpha Linoleic C18:3n-3: 1.0%
  • Arachidic C20:0: 0.2%
  • Eicosenic C20:4n-9: 0.7%
  • Eicosatetraenoic C20:4n-3: 0.1%
  • Arachidonic C20:4n-6: 0.3%
  • Heneicosapentaenoic C20:5n-3: 0.1%
  • Docosanoic C22:0: 0.1%
  • Docosapentaenoic C22:6n-3: 0.3%
  • Tetracosanoic C24:0: 0.1%

Moxxor produces an ideal greenlip mussel oil: it is organic, sustainably grown, cold-extracted, and certified to be free of mercury and other toxins and pollutants. It also contains cold-pressed, organic white grape seed husk extract and kiwifruit seed oil, which are loaded with antioxidants that naturally deactivate free radicals; they also serve as natural preservatives for the GLM oil.

In contrast to many marine oil products, Moxxor is cold processed. As a result, it contains a higher level of “polar” fatty acid molecules (which readily form bonds with surrounding tissues) than other oils, making Moxxor more bioavailable. This, as well as the absence of fillers or carrier oils, is what allows a very small GLM oil capsule to contain more antioxidant power as the larger Krill oil capsules and gigantic fish oil capsules.

But don't take our word for it! GLM oil has been extensively studied in both humans and animals:

“GLME had a beneficial effect on the clinical signs of dogs presumptively diagnosed with mild-to-moderate DJD.” Pollard B, Guilford WG, Ankenbauer-Perkins KL. Clinical efficacy and tolerance of an extract of green-lipped mussel (Perna canaliculus) in dogs presumptively diagnosed with degenerative joint disease. N Z Vet J. 2006 Jun;54(3):114-8.

“The change in total arthritis score by the end of 6 weeks showed there was significant improvement (P <.05) in the test group versus the control group. Significant improvements were also observed in joint pain and swelling scores in the test group.” Bui LM, Bierer TL. Influence of green lipped mussels (Perna canaliculus) in alleviating signs of arthritis in dogs. Vet Ther. 2003 Winter;4(4):397-407.

“Most important, GLM has been shown to contain a unique omega-3 fatty acid, eicosatetraenoic acid (ETA), which appears to act as dual inhibitor of arachidonic acid oxygenation by both the cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase pathways. Arachidonic acid metabolites play a major role in the inflammatory sequence. Unlike many nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), however, GLM is nongastrotoxic and does not affect platelet aggregation, suggesting that ETA may selectively block the pro-inflammatory COX-2 pathway rather than the physiologically important COX-1 pathway.” Bierer TL, Bui LM. Improvement of arthritic signs in dogs fed green-lipped mussel (Perna canaliculus). J Nutr. 2002 Jun;132(6 Suppl 2):1634S-6S.

“All four single [centered] studies reported positive clinical improvement for GLM over a clinically relevant period of at least 2 months in mild to moderate OA.” Brien, S, et al. Systematic review of the nutritional supplement Perna Canaliculus (green-lipped mussel) in the treatment of osteoarthritis. QJM 2008 Mar;101(3):167-79.

In order to ensure freshness, the mussels grown for Moxxor are processed in a facility built on the shores of the sound where they are grown and harvested. In addition, the other two components of Moxxor, Sauvignon Blanc grape seed husk extract and kiwifruit seed oil provide additional antioxidant power, including all 8 members of the Vitamin E family. These ingredients safeguard Moxxor's freshness and stability by scavenging the oxygen free radicals that cause rancidity.

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Rev. 2016


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